The comparatively relaxed entry requirements for Denmark enable you as a German citizen to cross the border easily with a passport or ID card. In the following, you will find out what you still have to observe when entering the northern neighbouring country and what regulations are to be observed, eg regarding the transport of animals or food.
What is important for entering Denmark?
As a member of the Schengen area, Denmark allows you to enter without a visa. You can stay up to 90 days for tourist purposes in the country without any formalities. A registration certificate must then be obtained from the local authorities. This is proof that you live in Denmark, even if only for a limited period of time. Regular checks have been carried out at the state border since 2016.
This also affects land, water and air routes from Germany and Sweden. You should always have a document with you, such as your passport or ID card. All documents must be valid. Children need their own photo ID – entries in their parents’ passports have not been permitted since 2012.
The Federal Foreign Office points out those drivers shouldn’t take hitchhikers or unknown passengers. Those who take people without identity documents or illegal immigrants over the border, make themselves punishable and may even end up in custody.
Special provisions for minors
All travellers to Denmark who are under the age of 18 need their own ID document – either an identity card (after the age of 16) or a children’s passport. If minors are travelling unaccompanied, an additional declaration of consent from the legal guardians is not necessary, but it makes sense. Many airlines require a power of attorney to ensure that children can travel safely to Denmark.
What are the main customs regulations?
The customs regulations of the European Union apply to the Danish heartland. Since 2004, people aged 17 and over have been allowed to have up to 10l of spirits with more than 22 per cent by volume, 20l of mixed products such as port or sherry, 90l of wine, 110l of beer, 800 cigarettes, 400 cigarillos, 200 cigars and 1kg of tobacco.
The prerequisite is always that these stimulants serve your own needs. For larger quantities, a coherent reason may have to be given – for example, planning a wedding or moving to Denmark, where you do not want to do without certain brands. Foreign exchange and Danish kroner can, in principle, be imported in unlimited quantities.
From a value of 10,000 euros, however, the cash must be declared. Even with large sums that are just below the threshold, Customs can ask for their origin and purpose. This is intended to effectively contain tax evasion and money laundering.
Animal food is usually allowed without any problems for import. At times, however, restrictions are declared at the outbreak of animal diseases. Please inform yourself in advance about the current legal situation. It is completely forbidden to bring meat from marine mammals such as whales, seals or walruses into the country.
The scheme plays an important role, particularly in the case of the return of Greenland or the Faroe Islands, where the capture and sale of, for example, whale meat is permitted. Wild products must always have a veterinary certificate.
Denmark also has a strict arms law. Hunting rifles and other firearms can only be brought with you if you have an invitation to a shooting competition or a hunting license, as well as an existing license. It makes sense to get a permit from the Danish Ministry of Justice in advance. Daggers and knives are generally prohibited in public places.
If the blade is longer than 12cm, police approval is mandatory. Certain sporting activities, hunting or fishing must be stated as the reason for possession of the weapon. Bringing fireworks and firecrackers to Denmark is completely prohibited.
The amount of medication you carry should be appropriate to the length of your trip. A medical certificate may be required for psychoactive substances and strong painkillers.
When you leave Denmark, you are not allowed to carry any antique, non-antique items that are listed in the register of monuments, belong to the inventory of churches, libraries or museums or are part of public collections.
The Washington Convention on Species Protection, in turn, prohibits the crossing of endangered animal species – alive or in processed form.
What special rules apply to Greenland and Faroe Islands?
- The autonomous territories of Greenland and the Faroe Islands are officially not part of the Schengen area. While you are the Faroe IslandsWith all the documents allowed for Denmark, a passport is required for Greenland. For the Arctic island, the Federal Foreign Office also advises joining a tour group.
Individual holidays can be extremely dangerous here because of the extreme climatic conditions and the sometimes difficult accessibility of the regions. Experienced travel agencies take over the planning and do all the important formalities. The customs rules in Greenland are also different from those of Denmark. So only 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars, 100 cigarillos or 250g tobacco are allowed. Cigarette paper or tubes are limited to 200 pieces.
Per cent alcohol can be introduced up to 1l, wine and spirits at 15-22% up to 2l. In addition, there are 2.25l table wine, 2l beer and 2l carbonated soft drinks. Perfume is limited to 50g and Eau de Toilette to 250ml.
These articles may not exceed a value of goods of 1,000 Danish kroner. Other important customs limits apply to chocolate and confectionery and coffee and tea, each with 4kg. The allowances always refer to persons who have reached the age of 18 years.
Can you travel to Denmark with pets?
You can travel to Denmark with your pet if it has an implanted microchip under the skin and a pet passport from the EU. This also proves that the four-legged friend has been immunized against rabies.
The vaccination must be current and valid. Since puppies under the age of 15 weeks cannot be vaccinated, it is only possible to take them with you if you present a written declaration of no objection. The maximum number of animals allowed is five per entry.
The Danish law on fighting dogs is extremely restrictive. A total of 13 breeds and their crossbreeds may no longer be kept in Denmark or brought into the country since 2010. Anyone who is encountered with one of these species can expect to be fined and forced to put the dog to sleep. Forbidden are American Bulldogs, American Staffordshire Terriers, Boerboels, Pit Bull Terriers, Tornjaks, Fila Brasileiro, Caucasian and Southern Russian Owtscharkas as well as the Dogo Argentino.
Exceptions apply to fighting dogs purchased before 17 March 2010. These must be carried on a maximum 2m long line and always wear a muzzle. In general, in Danish cities and forests all year round and on the beaches from April to the end of September there is a mandatory mooring. The authorities of Greenland and the Faroe Islands generally prohibit the introduction of pets in the short or medium term.
If you move your residence completely to these autonomous regions, you can apply for the import officially.
What car owners should know
For entry by car, it is sufficient to be able to present a German driving license. In addition, you should, of course, have valid vehicle documents with you. In the case of offences in road traffic, unusually high penalties are usually imposed – especially in the case of improper parking and alcohol trips with more than 0.5 per mille.
The German license plate is sufficient as proof of liability. Nevertheless, the ADAC recommends taking the green insurance card with you. In this way, claims can be dealt with more quickly and easily. Drivers should note that switching on the low beam or daytime running lights is mandatory all year round.
Criminal law relevant regulations
In addition to knives, other weapons such as tear gas sprays are banned in Denmark. Carrying, importing and trading with them is subject to criminal prosecution. Rather strict is also the drug policy of the Scandinavian state.
Thus, the use of cannabis is not punished, and in the case of possession of small quantities for one’s own use there is usually only a warning, but in extreme cases, a prison sentence of up to two years can be imposed in the event of possession of larger quantities. For imports of soft and hard drugs, the law provides for draconian punishments.
Since 1 August 2018, Denmark has been banned from covering in public places. The face must always be visible and must not be covered with clothing. The regulation primarily relates to the bearers of Muslim burqas or niqabs. Failure to do so will result in a fine of around EUR 135 and ten times this amount if the violation is repeated.
Medical notes for Denmark
There are no specific vaccination regulations for Denmark, but the Federal Foreign Office and the Robert Koch Institute recommend that the standard protection be refreshed. In particular, the number of measles infections in the western world has increased in recent years, which is why immunization against the disease is extremely important.
For hiking trips to the island of Bornholm, protection against the tick-borne TBE disease should be considered between spring and autumn. In addition, the vaccine against hepatitis B makes sense. Those planning an adventure holiday in Greenland are best immunized against both hepatitis B and A.
Medical care on-site Medical care in Denmark is at a very high level. Especially in the heartland, you can find excellent clinics in every small town. The equipment is up to date, and most doctors speak English. Bottlenecks only occur in Greenland. Long distances and difficult transport routes ensure that medical care does not always meet the (emergency) standard here. For trips to the Arctic island, in particular, you should, therefore, take out separate travel health insurance with a return included. Denmark itself is covered by the European Insurance Card EHIC.
This covers primary care, especially in state hospitals and with statutory doctors.
Look forward to a relaxing holiday in Denmark, whose entry requirements allow you to enter the country for up to three months without a visa. Although the kingdom is a member of the Schengen area, border checks can be carried out on a random basis at the German-Danish border. If you then present your identity card or passport, you can go on a discovery tour. After three months, registration is required. Until then, as a guest, enjoy the kingdom’s diverse cultural highlights and attractions.