Would you like to travel to the neighbouring Balkan state? Thanks to their membership of the EU, the entry requirements of Romania are not a major obstacle for German citizens.
Read here what documents you need to cross the border and what to look out for when travelling with pets. Well-informed and prepared, you will enjoy your stay in the homeland of the notorious Count Dracula.
What should be considered when entering Romania?
Romania is a member of the European Union but is not a member of the Schengen Agreement. The entry requirements for Romania are still very clear. All you need is a valid identity card or passport to go on holiday to the country. Both documents are also sufficient as a preliminary version. Children up to 12 years travel with valid children’s passport.
It is important that the validity period of the passport or ID card also covers the day of departure. If you arrive by plane, the rules of the airlines must be observed. These differ in part from the state requirements and require additional documents.
Inform yourself in good time before your departure, so that you have all the necessary papers at hand at the airport. As a rule, the border guards speak English, so you can quickly clarify standard questions such as the reason for the trip or the length of your stay.
Special challenges like taking fingerprints do not exist on the border. Non-EU citizens with a permanent residence permit in a Schengen state such as Switzerland do not need a visa to stay in Romania. The identity card or Swiss passport is sufficient for Swiss citizens.
Citizens of third countries with a permanent residence permit in Germany or another EU country do not have to apply for a visa to enter Romania. The same also applies to EU family members with a valid EU family permit. An overview of the countries with a visa requirement can be found on the German-language website of the Romanian embassy.
For the most part, non-European countries such as Sri Lanka, Thailand or Uganda are listed there. Minors with German and Romanian citizenship are treated as native citizens. The country-specific travel conditions must be met for these children. You always need the authorization of a legal guardian if you want to leave the country alone.
What should be considered when taking pets to Romania?
If you want to take your four-legged friend on a holiday in Romania, this is possible with an EU pet passport. You will receive this badge for dogs, ferrets and cats from the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, where you will receive further information for travelling with the pet.
The ID card proves that your pet is vaccinated against rabies and can be clearly assigned to you as the owner. Typically, the mapping is via an implanted microchip or tattoo of the animal, documented in the pet passport. If you arrive by plane, the conditions for animal transport of the respective airline must be observed.
Larger animals, in particular, spend the duration of the journey in the hold of the aircraft. Entry by car is, therefore, less stressful and more pleasant for many four-legged friends. In general, you are not allowed to bring more than 5 pets with you. The purpose of the take-along must also not serve the sale.
Possible reasons for refusing entry
As an EU citizen, you usually have no problems crossing the border into Romania. If you drive into the country by car, consider the country-wide alcohol limit of 0.0 in road traffic. Anyone who exceeds this limit in a test must expect a ban on entry or onward travel.
The same applies to persons who are stored in one of the databases of the international police or who are searched for by the police. If the Romanian border guards find you want to import dangerous and harmful products into the country, you can also be refused entry. These products mainly include chemical substances that pose a danger to humans and animals because they cause illness, for example.
Even with harmful to minors and unconstitutional media in the luggage, the provisions are clearly set. Imports are subject to criminal prosecution and include data storage and sound recordings as well as image carriers, magazines and illustrations.
Unconstitutional are publications that violate the Constitution of Romania and include propaganda material of banned parties, incite war or directly attack the Romanian state by insulting or insulting state organs.
What customs regulations are there for Romania?
Due to the fact that it belongs to the EU, the import and export regulations of the European Union apply to goods in Romania. Therefore, in principle, you do not go through any goods checks. However, it is possible for customs officials to carry out random checks. You can import food or consumer goods for private use or as a gift to Romania without restrictions on quantity and value.
Since the excise and value, added tax have already been paid in another country of the European Union, there are no further taxes. From countries outside the EU, you can bring goods up to 430 euros into the country tax-free. This limit also applies if you are arriving by ship or plane.
If you exceed the specified free quantities, report them to customs. This prevents penalties from being checked. There are free limits for people aged 17 and over for the import of cigarettes and tobacco products. You are allowed to take 800 cigarettes, 200 cigars, 400 cigarillos and 1kg of loose tobacco with you.
If you come to Romania from a so-called outside area, the permitted number of cigarettes and tobacco differs due to the different consumption and VAT regulations. External territories are countries that border on a country in the Schengen area but do not belong to the member states of the Schengen Agreement.
The travel allowance for alcoholic beverages also depends on where you are coming from. Since the difference between EU member countries and countries outside the EU is very high, inform yourself in good time about the applicable regulations. This will avoid import and customs fees.
All citizens of the EU who come to Romania and are older than 17, can bring up to 10l of spirits with an alcohol content of over 22 per cent by volume or 20l of so-called intermediate products such as liqueur wine or port wine.
The import limit is 10 litres for beer and 90 litres for wine. You can import foreign currency into the country in unlimited quantities. From a sum of more than 10,000 euros, there is a duty to report, even when exporting.
Carrying weapons and ammunition are prohibited and will be prosecuted. This also includes gas pistols that adults in Germany can carry with them without a permit. Guns and hunting weapons are an exception if you register them as sporting weapons at the border crossing. There are severe penalties for the import and export of narcotics and narcotic drugs.
There is no tolerance limit for personal use. Caution is also required for counterfeit products. Brand and product piracy fall under the category of white-collar crime in Romania. The import of plagiarism is strictly controlled at the borders and punished accordingly. Special regulations also apply to the export of antiques and cultural goods from Romania.
Vaccination regulations and medical information for Romania
Mandatory vaccinations are not part of the entry requirements for Romania. The usual standard vaccinations such as tetanus or influenza are recommended. For a longer stay, vaccination against rabies is advisable. Prevention of exposure, i.e. protection against insect bites, is worth considering.
The measures include all options that prevent infected mosquitoes from transmitting diseases. Body-covering bright garments a day are a good protective measure. In the evenings, you should also apply an insect repellent to the skin. The importation of drug-requiring narcotics is subject to legal restrictions in Romania.
If you have a chronic illness and need to take medically prescribed narcotics, For trips of up to 30 days you need a certificate of necessity from your doctor for all prescription medication in English or Romanian. The respective active ingredient names and the individual or daily doses of the drug should be entered there.
For your own safety carry an emergency card with you. It contains important information such as intolerance, allergies or your blood type. In an emergency, the badge allows quick help without much time loss.
As Romania is part of the EU, you can use local medical assistance with your electronic health card. It is valid throughout the EU as a European health insurance card (EHIC card).
Information for travel by car
If you cross a border into Romania by car, your German driver’s license is sufficient to drive a vehicle. It is recommended to carry the green insurance card. When travelling with a foreign vehicle, it is advisable to have a power of attorney issued by the vehicle owner.
In addition, a nationality plate on the car must be present as well as a fire extinguisher, a first aid kit and a safety vest per passenger in the car. If you or your passenger get out of closed areas, there is a warning vest obligation. If you don’t wear one, you can be fined.
Telephoning while driving is via a hands-free car kit allowed. For the use of the Romanian motorways, a vignette is required. Many sections of the motorway are however not finished. Some sections have only a few exits as well as service stations and petrol stations.
The road conditions generally deviate from the German standard, so that potholes, barely marked danger spots or missing lane markings are not uncommon. The map material of the navigation systems is also rarely up to date.
It often helps to find out in advance about the route and possible alternative routes. Outside of built-up areas, the low beam must be switched on all day.
The entry requirements for Romania are largely identical to those of other EU member states. Therefore, you can get into the country without any problems at short notice. But also, travellers from other European countries have the opportunity to stay in Romania without great effort. If you are unsure about the required documents, you can get help from the Foreign Office.